Sources for these stories include the Archives files and University publications such as The Index, The Echo, and The Bulletin, as well as published school histories:
McWilliams, H.L. A Brief History of the Bulldogs. Kirksville: Northeast Missouri State Teachers College, 1940.
Ryle, Walter H. The Centennial History of the Northeast Missouri State Teachers College. Kirksville: the College, 1972.
Simmons, Lucy. History of Northeast Missouri State Teachers College. Kirksville: Auten Print, 1927.
Violette, E.M. History of the First District State Normal School. Kirksville: Journal Printing Company, 1905. Quotations used are from the McWilliams and Ryle books.