The Cox Cartoon in the Library
Artist Allyn Cox gave the cartoon for "Lincoln and the Dome" to Congressman Fred Schwengel, President of the U.S. Capitol Historical Society, shortly after he completed the mural in 1974, and Schwengel later included it with the books and art he began donating to Pickler Memorial Library in 1976.
Unfortunately, during its sojourn from the Capitol to Pickler, the cartoon received some water damage and its condition continued to deteriorate through the years it was in storage here. Some serious conservation work had to be done before it could be placed on exhibit. In 1998, with the support of Mrs Ethel Schwengel and her family, the Library undertook the conservation project. Heugh-Edmondson Conservation Services of Kansas City, MO, the firm selected for the work, completed the restoration in February 2000.
The Conservation Process
The drawing is executed in litho crayon or grease pencil, gouache & graphite on cream colored paper. It is in three vertical panels mounted on a medium weight, tightly woven canvas to form one complete drawing. Overall size is approximately 203.2 x 203.5 cm (80 x 80 1/2 inches).
When conservator Tom Edmondson examined the cartoon he found the canvas backing to be soiled, wrinkled, water stained and severely damaged by mold along the right side and across the top. A large area was completely gone at the top left.
The paper, mounted to the canvas with what appeared to be a PVA emulsion adhesive, was extensively cockled and creased. It was badly soiled as well as yellowed and discolored from its own acid content and stained from the adhesive.
There were numerous cracks, breaks and tears through the design area and along the edges, including a large 12 ½ tear from the bottom up into the design which had been mended with masking tape. There were also tack and pinholes throughout -- a result of pouncing, the process of transferring the sketch to the wall's surface by applying powdered charcoal through perforations.
The conservators went through a lengthy step-by-step process to correct these defects. They had to:
This was not as simple as it may sound these steps involved tedious, painstaking applications and most of them included lengthy repetitions of apply & wait apply & wait.
To remount the drawing and prepare it for framing, the conservators then had to:
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Exhibits Gallery | Special Collections | Pickler Memorial Library
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Last Modified 24 September 2009