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The Violette Museum Documents & Photographs Collection (Musdp) contains two albums of late 19th century Kirksville photographs. This one has 35 5x8” black & white pictures by “Drake, Fotografer” mounted on 6½ x 9½” cardboard pages. It originally belonged to Clifford Elmore Henry, who wrote his name on the flyleaf, and was a gift of Mrs JS Denslow of Kirksville.
Clifford Henry (1873-1959) was the son of Benjamin Franklin & Barbara Isabelle (Bates) Henry. He clerked in his father’s drugstore on the south side of the Square as a teenager then, after graduating from Kirksville High School, attended St Louis College of Pharmacy. He earned a PhG (Pharmacy Graduate) in 1894, followed by an MD in 1896 from Jefferson College of Medicine in Philadelphia. Dr Henry spent most of his professional life in Minneapolis as a practicing physician and Professor of Anatomy at Northern Institute of Osteopathy. He retired in 1939 and returned to Kirksville for the remainder of his life.
The album donor, Mary Jane (Laughlin) Denslow (1914-1991), was a native of Kirksville and the granddaughter of AT Still, founder of osteopathy. She taught History of Osteopathy in Chicago at one time and was later connected with the Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine and the Still Museum. We have been unable to learn anything about the photographer other than that his name was Drake and he was from Aurora, IN.
Various unidentified people, whom we collectively call the “Mysterious Someone”, have tried to identify the buildings and people in this album, apparently both before and after it was given to the Museum. Typed captions were glued to some of the photos and there are bits of information in different handwritings on the borders and backs of others. We’ve added our own notes to the confusion as we’ve attempted to sort things out - and while we haven’t identified everything yet, we are making progress. (Which means that changes may be made to this finding aid as additional information comes to light.)
Using Kirksville city directories, local histories, and articles in Kirksville newspapers of the day, we have been able to determine when most of the pictured businesses were in operation, when homes were built, when folks lived here or moved away or died. From this research, we can tell that most of the photos in this album were taken Jan-Apr 1893, the only period when all the pictured businesses were in operation simultaneously. This was also shortly after several of the homes shown were erected in late 1892. On the premise that an out-of-state photographer would have taken all the pictures for an album in one visit to town, we might guess that the other photos were taken at this time as well.
Photographs of Kirksville, early 1893 – Drake, Aurora, IN, Fotografer
(click on name to see photo & short narrative)
|1:1 Wabash Railroad Depot, 300 W McPherson|
|1:2 First National Bank, 101 W Washington (SE corner of the Square)|
|1:3 East side of the Square (100 block N Franklin)|
|1:4 North side of the Square (100 block W Harrison)|
|1:5 West side of the Square (100 block N Elson)|
|1:6 Towers / Gibbs Residence, 502 E Harrison|
|1:7 William D Sigler Residence, 316 S Marion|
|1:8 W J Smith House, 210 E Washington|
|1:9 Jonas B Caskey Residence, 314 S Main|
|1:10 HJ & Nannie Bailey Residence, 516 E Patterson|
|1:11 Sherwood House, 407 E Washington|
|1:12 Benjamin F Lamkin Residence, 416 E Washington|
|1:13 Charles Ross Residence, 210 S Franklin|
|1:14 William D Dobson Residence, 315 E Jefferson|
|1:15 DeWitt C Pierce Residence, 216 S Elson|
|1:16 Normal School Chapel|
|1:17 Grassle Brothers Wagon Factory, 201-203 S Main|
|1:18 Cumberland Presbyterian Church Interior, SE Corner High & McPherson|
|1:19 Valentine Miller Residence, 415 N Franklin|
|1:20 Pool’s Hotel, Main & Washington|
|1:21 Normal School Faculty|
|1:22 Normal School Students|
|1:23 Normal School Band|
|1:24 Unidentified 1 Story White Frame House|
|1:25 Kirksville Mercantile College Students & Faculty|
|1:26 Office of the Kirksville Democrat, 210 N Franklin|
|1:27 Harrington (or Dutcher) Jewelry Store Interior, 107 W Washington|
|1:28 Unidentified 1 Story White Frame House|
|1:29 Henry Drug Store Interior, 105 W Washington|
|1:30 Clifford Henry in Pharmacy Lab, St Louis College of Pharmacy|
|1:31 Kirksville Mercantile College Students & Faculty (duplicate of 1:25)|
|1:32 Interior of Unidentified Drug Store|
|1:33 Benjamin F Henry & His Bicycle|
|1:34 Hart or Sands Jewelry Store Interior, 107 W Washington|
|1:35 Clifford Henry in Anatomy Lab, St Louis College of Pharmacy|
View the 1897 Album
Sources Used to Identify & Date the Photos in this Album
Annual Catalogue of the
Officers, Alumni, and Students of the Missouri State Normal School, First
District. Moberly: F.L. Link, Printer, 1894.
|Directory and Commercial Register of the City of Kirksville, 1892. Kirksville: City Directory Company, .|
History of Adair, Sullivan,
Putnam and Schuyler Counties, Missouri.
Chicago: The Goodspeed Publishing
|The Kirksville Daily Express, various issues.|
Bicentennial Committee. A Book of
Adair County History.
Printing Company, 1976.
Pope, Barbara M, Reference
Librarian/Archivist, St Louis College of Medicine to Elaine M Doak, Special
Collections Librarian/Archivist, Truman State University. 3 Sept 2003.
Ryle, Walter H.
Centennial History of the
First Baptist Church.
Kirksville: Simpson Publishing Company,
|Selby, P.O. Kirksville Presbyterians. Kirksville: First United Presbyterian Church, 1971.|
|Violette, E.M. History of Adair County. Kirksville: The Denslow History Company, 1911.|
|Wallin’s Kirksville City Directory for 1899-1900. Kirksville: Wallin Directory Co., 1900.|
|The Weekly Graphic, various issues, primarily 1892-95.|
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