JASPER TOWNSHIP, RALLS COUNTY, MO, Oct-Nov 1866
For information concerning this collection or to request copies
Copyright Law & Acknowledgements
Missouri’s second Constitution,
ratified in 1865, called for a system to register potential voters and required
persons who wished to qualify as voters to take an Oath of Loyalty to the United
States Government and to the State of Missouri. Although couched in terms
to exclude as voters anyone who had ever been “disloyal”, the Oath was very
obviously aimed at those who had participated in the recent war on the side of
the Confederacy or who were sympathetic to that cause:
“ … no person shall be deemed a
qualified voter who has ever been in armed hostility to the United States … or
to the Government of this State … or has ever given aid, comfort, countenance,
or support … or has adhered to the enemies … either by contributing to them, or
by unlawfully sending within their lines money, goods, letters, or information …
or has ever disloyally held communication … or has advised or aided any person
to enter the service of such enemies … manifested his adherence to the cause of
such enemies, or his desire for their triumph … or his sympathy … or has ever,
except under overpowering compulsion, submitted to the authority, or been in the
service of the so-called “Confederate States of America” … or has ever been a
member of … any organization inimical to the Government of the United States …
or has ever been engaged in guerrilla warfare against loyal inhabitants … or in
that description of marauding commonly known as “bushwhacking” … or has ever
knowingly and willingly harbored, aided or countenanced any person so engaged …
or [h]as ever come into or left this State for the purpose of avoiding
enrollment for or draft into the military … or to escape the performance of duty
therein … or has enrolled himself as disloyal or as a Southern sympathizer; or
in any other terms indicating his disaffection to the Government of the United
States …” (Article II, Section 3)
[name], do solemnly swear that I am well acquainted with the terms of the third
section of the second article of the Constitution of the State of Missouri,
adopted in the year eighteen hundred and sixty-five, and have carefully
considered the same; that I have never, directly or indirectly, done any of the
acts in said section specified; that I have always been truly and loyally on the
side of the United States against all enemies thereof, foreign and domestic;
that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States, and will
support the Constitution and laws thereof as the supreme law of the land, any
law or ordinance of any State to the contrary notwithstanding; that I will, to
the best of my ability, protect and defend the Union of the United States,
and not allow the same to be broken up and dissolved, or the government thereof
to be destroyed or overthrown, under any circumstances, if in my power to
prevent it; that I will support the Constitution of the State of Missouri; and
that I make this oath without any mental reservation or evasion, and hold it to
be binding on me.” (Article II, Section 6)
Before taking the Oath, the potential voter
was examined and a questionnaire regarding the points in Section 3 was completed
by the Registrar and signed by the deponent. Personal information and
questions about family members who may have been “Rebels” were also included.
Occasionally, follow-up questions instigated by responses to the prepared
questions were asked and recorded at the end of the form. A list of the
prepared questions may be found at the end of this document.
Register of loyalty oath
questionnaires for Jasper Township, Ralls County, MO
Oaths taken 22 Sept – 20 Oct 1866, by Andrew Wasson, Register
George W Osterhout
John R Self
James A Gilliland
James C Rule
Stephen S Ripple
John W Boyd
William J Chittum
John W Fowler
Jeremiah S Boyer
Amos B Chitwood
William H Boyer
George W Turner
Daniel A Webb
Abraham B Seely
William D Webb
James W Allison
John A Galloway
Sumner P Galloway
Henry C Payton
G S Phelps
James J Webb
R S Howard
William T Boyd
Lewis S Anderson
George W Ford
James R Galloway
Peter W Pierce
Joseph J Thomas
||William A Wasson
Willard W Smith
Robert E Boaz
George W Wylie
E B Miller
Charles G Crump
John D Dooley
James P Turner
Joseph T Ayres
Thompson G Jeffries
Bennet E Ferguson
Snel E Onstott
Asa T Fowler
Elisha W Turner
George W Weldy
John I Fowler
Thomas F Conn
Zachariah W Lowe
I D Seeley
Church Y Doke [incomplete]
Joseph S Yager
Hiram A Blanchard
Thomas W Evans
Thomas H Webb
S C Evans
William M Leake
Harvey Chitten [Chitter]
Waller K Caldwell
Loose papers in the back of
- Two (2) cancelled Promissory Notes, each
$170, dated 8 Jan 1881, Harrison Wasson to William A Wasson; payments noted
- Recipe for home “brewed” medicine
containing alcohol, turpentine & laudanum (among other things)
- Story of how Mr Epker (otherwise
unidentified) received the French Croix de Guerre during WWI; written in
unknown hand on Northeast Missouri State Teachers College letterhead
This register remained in
Wasson’s possession and was apparently used as scratch paper by family members.
Some of the comments sections contain business financial records which seem to
have no relation to the person whose oath appears on that page and, in later
years, the Wasson children used the register for penmanship practice and their
The Examination Questionnaire
You do solemnly swear in
the presence of God and these witnesses, that you will truly ad faithfully
answer such questions as may now be asked you, and that you will tell the truth,
the whole truth and nothing but the truth. So help you GOD.
||What is your name?
||Where do you now reside?
||What is your age?
||Where were you born?
||How long have you resided in Missouri?
||How long have you resided in this county?
||How long have you resided in this election
||Are you well acquainted with the terms of the
3d Section of the 2d Article of the Constitution of the State of Missouri?
||Will you now recite the general nature of the
requirements of that Section?
||Have you during the late rebellion been truly
and loyally on the side of the Government of the United States and against
all its enemies?
||With whom did you sympathize during the
||How did you manifest your loyalty to the
Government during the war?
||What acts of loyalty did you do during the war?
||How did you oppose the enemies of the
||Whom did you consider the enemies of the
Government of the United States?
Did you ever belong to any secret organizations
during the war?
What were the names of such organizations?
What was the object or design of such
Did you at any time during the rebellion leave
this State? If so, for what cause?
When did you so leave and when return?
Did you, during the rebellion, write or send
letters to any person then serving in the rebel armies?
Did you, during the rebellion, receive letters
from any such person?
Did you at any time during the rebellion feed
or lodge or harbor any person or persons then engaged in armed hostility to
the United States Government either in the rebel service or engaged in what
was commonly called “bushwhacking?”
Did you furnish a horse, a saddle, a bridle, a
blanket, a gun, a pistol, powder, shot or other ammunition, or clothing, or
any of these articles to any person who entered the rebel service, or
engaged in what was commonly called “bushwhacking”?
Were you yourself at any time during the
rebellion in the rebel service, or engaged in what was commonly called
Did you ever send or give any information of
any kind to persons who were in the rebel service, or engaged in
bushwhacking? If so, what kind of information?
Were you at any time during the rebellion
arrested by the military authorities of the Government or State? If
so, state when, and for what reason, and how long you were thus kept under
Had you a son, or brother, or other near
relative in the rebel army or service or engaged in what was commonly called
bushwhacking during the rebellion? If so, state his name, the position
he held, and his present whereabouts.
Was such son, brother or other near relative
advised or urged by you to go into the rebel or bushwhacking service?
Did you help outfit such son, brother, or other
near relative, by furnishing him with money, a horse, bridle, saddle,
blanket, clothing or anything else?
Did you, while such person was in the rebel or
bushwhacking service, send him any money, clothing, food or other articles?
Did you at any time during the rebellion become
security upon the bond of any person who had been arrested by the military
authorities, and who was released on oath and bond? If so, state for
Did you at any time during the rebellion
advise, counsel or urge any person whomsoever to enter into the rebel
service, or to engage in bushwhacking?
What were your feelings when you first heard of
the defeat of the Federal army at Bull Run, Va., in July, 1861?
What were your feelings when you heard of the
capture of General Mulligan and his army at Lexington, Mo., by General
Were you at any time during the rebellion
assessed by the military authorities to help rebuild bridges burnt by
rebels? Or were you assessed by such authorities for any other
purpose? If so, state for what amount, and whether you paid it?
In 1862, in the enrollment made by order of the
U.S. military authorities were you enrolled as loyal or disloyal?
Do you consider the Constitution of this State
commonly known as the “New Constitution” to be valid and binding upon the
people of Missouri until declared void by the proper Judicial Tribunals?
Do you believe the “Oath of Loyalty,” which you
are required to take in order to be registered, to be valid and binding upon
Do you believe that to take that oath falsely
Do you believe that in taking the “Oath of
Loyalty” you make a statement of facts while calling upon God to bear
witness to the truth or falsity of such statements?
In taking the “Oath
of Loyalty” do you do it “without mental
reservation or evasion?”
Do you believe that a mental reservation, or
that any human law or any human decision or tribunal can absolve you from
your responsibility to God if in taking the “Oath of Loyalty,” you state
that which is not true?
Are you now willing to take and subscribe the
Oath of Loyalty?
A Related Document
Article II, Section 5 of
the 1865 Constitution required the registering officer to keep a register of
persons rejected as voters. That register for Ralls County is now in the
possession of the State Historical Society’s Western Historical Manuscripts
Missouri, Ralls County, Supervisor of Registration, Ledger, 1866 (C 2060)
A postwar registration volume kept by Samuel Megown, supervisor of registration,
listing the names of Ralls County citizens who either refused to take the oath
of loyalty after the war or had been loyal to the Confederacy. Also includes
names of citizens considered loyal and permitted to vote. See the
Government Collection Descriptions page for more information and a contact
For information concerning this collection