New York Times
Location: Micro Newspapers
Scope: Pickler Memorial Library has the
complete run of the New York Times (Late City Edition) on
microfilm dating back to September 18, 1851. The New York Times
was published daily (except Sunday) from 1857-Apr. 20,1861; daily, Apr. 21, 1861
to the present except when it was suspended Dec. 12-28, 1958; Dec. 20, 1962-Mar.
1963; Sept. 17-Oct. 10, 1965; and Aug. 10-Nov. 5, 1978.
|The New York Times was founded on
September 18, 1851 by Henry Jarvis Raymond and George Jones.
The newspaper was originally intended to publish every
morning except on Sundays; however, during the Civil War the
Times started publishing Sunday issues along with other
major dailies. Adolph Ochs acquired the Times in 1896 and
coined the paper's slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print"
in 1897. In 1898, Ochs lowered the price of the daily paper
to 1 cent tripling the circulation of the New York Times
within a year from 26,000 to 76,000 and causing advertising
revenues to soar. During the First World War the New York
Times began to publish the texts of documents and speeches
in full. The compilation of the New York Times Index ensured
that the New York Times became the nation's leading
reference newspaper for students, librarians, historians,
The newspaper is organized in three sections:
1. News - includes International, National, Washington,
Business, Technology, Science, Health, Sports, New York region,
Education, Weather, Obituaries, and Corrections.
2. Opinion - includes Editorials, Op-Eds, and Letters
to the Editor.
3. Features - - includes Arts, Books, Movies, Theater,
Travel, NYC guide, Dining & Wine, Home & Garden, Fashion & Style,
Crossword/Games,Cartoons, Magazine, and Week in Review.
Current paper issues of the New York Times (National
edition) are available on shelves in the northeast corner of the
first floor of Pickler Library. A variant edition of the
newspaper is available on the Internet as the
New York Times on the Web.
CONTENT: Be aware that access to newspaper articles can
be compromised. Here are two ways:
The Tasini decision. In September 2001, the U.S.
Supreme Court ruled in Tasini et al. v. The New York
Times et al. that freelance writers must be paid
additional compensation if their work was included in an
online database (i.e., LexisNexis). As a result, online
database providers removed many freelance-authored newspaper
articles from their databases. The opinion, however, doesn’t
affect archival microforms that reproduce the entire edition
of a periodical or other types of republication of
individual articles by freelance authors in a reproduction
of the whole collective work (periodical issue, etc.).
Different editions: Newspapers often publish
different editions for different cities or regions of the
country. Articles that appear in one regional edition do not
appear in all. Some newspapers also publish separate
geographical supplements with unique content. In addition,
newspapers publish chronological editions; articles in the
early editions may not appear in later editions and vice
versa. Usually only one edition is microfilmed. Articles in
an online database may not all be from the same edition.
Pickler Library receives current issues of the National
edition of the New York Times but the microfilm edition is
the Late City Edition. LexisNexis
Academic provides articles
from the Late City Edition.
How to search the collection:
provides abstracts of articles in the New York Times (Late
City Edition) from January 1, 1969 to May 31, 1980, and full text from June 1,
1980 to the present.
The following databases also provide indexing (not full text) for
the New York Times (Late City Edition):
EBSCOHost ( from 1989+) and
Reader's Guide Abstracts (from August 2, 1993+).
New York Times
Article Archives 1851-the present
indexes over 15 million articles
published in the New York Times from September 1851 to the present.
Users can search for specific articles by keyword or phrase, author, headline,
date, or date range. Searches may be limited to articles only or broadened
to include advertisements and other listings. The New York Times online
Archive is now free back to 1987. For articles prior to 1987, you
can use the citation information to locate the articles on microfilm in Truman's
The New York Times Index (in print) encompasses the news
and editorial matter in the final Late City Edition of The Times - the same
edition that is microfilmed - including the Sunday supplementary sections and
including advertisements that are related to the news and likely to be of
interest to users. The New York Times Index is located in the Microforms
Room at Micro Reference AI21 N45. It includes the New York times index "Prior
series" consisting of the original handwritten index for Sept. 18, 1851/Aug. 31,
1858, and the newly prepared index for Sept. 1858-Dec. 1912. When using the New
York Times Index, follow these steps:
1. Choose index volume for desired year.
For certain years, make sure you are in the correct portion of the volume:
*1863-1905 Volumes split into quarterly or half-yearly portions. Check Table of
Contents for applicable subdivision such as Editorial, Foreign, War,
General, Miscellaneous, or News.
1913-1929 *Indexing for early years is idiosyncratic. Ask for help when you need
2. Locate desired topic.
All subject headings are alphabetical in uppercase bold type. All entries are
chronological under each heading (except for headings where an alphabetical list
of entries is easier, such as under "Deaths," "Book Reviews," or "Motion
Pictures"). Significant news items are in bold type.
EXAMPLE: From 1993 index volume:
As of 1990, the section indicators (A, B, C, and I, II, III, etc.)
match the actual system used in the newspaper itself. Before 1990,
however, Roman numerals (I, II, III, IV, V, etc.) were used to
indicate all sections, even if the sections in the actual newspaper
were designated with letter (A, B, C, etc.)
The New York Times Index uses the words "see also" to suggest
other subject headings under which more information on a topic may
be found. These suggested headings may be followed by a date as in
the example above. This date directs you to a specific article in
the Index under that subject heading. A date alone is not enough
information to locate an article.
3. Locate appropriate reel of microfilm.
Reels are filed chronologically in microfilm boxes on shelves at the
rear of the Microform Reading Room.
Subject Searching Tips
Terminology changes over time, ask for help at the Reference Desk
when you have difficulty finding your term. Examples:
1. If searching for articles on Black Americans, the subject
heading: "Blacks (in US)" has been used since 1977. For earlier
articles, search under: "Negroes"
2. The names of governmental agencies change over time. For
instance, the Department of Health and Human Services can be found
under: "United States--Health and Human Services, Department of"
(from 1980 forward). But it was formerly part of the Department of
Health, Education & Welfare (1953-1979) and would be found under:
"United States--Health, Education & Welfare, Department of (HEW)"
for those years. But it was part of the Federal Security Agency
before that so you would look under: "United States-- Security
Agency, Federal (FSA)" for pre-1953 articles, and so on.
Pickler Library also has the New York Times Obituaries
Index (Reference CT 213 N47 1858-1978).
Guides: Guide to the
Incomparable New York Times Index -- by Grant W. Morse (Micro
Reference AI 21 N453 N67)
For more information about this subject in our Library Catalog, check out
Time Period: 19th Century 20th Century
Subject keywords: Journalism
Literature Popular Culture U.S.
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