Definition of Open Access Publications
An open access publication is a publication that provides
immediately free online access to all users worldwide. There
are many web sites (directories) which list open access journal
collections and individual journals. Some of these directories like
Public Library of
Science have very strict peer review processes.
Here is a more formal definition of open access publishing:
"Definition of Open Access Publication
An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions:
- The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all
users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of
access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit
and display the work publicly and to make and distribute
derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible
purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship
as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies
for their personal use.
A complete version of the work and all supplemental
materials, including a copy of the permission as stated
above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited
immediately upon initial publication in at least one online
repository that is supported by an academic institution,
scholarly society, government agency, or other
well-established organization that seeks to enable open
access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and
long-term archiving (for the biomedical sciences,
is such a repository).
1. Open access is a property of
individual works, not necessarily journals or publishers.
2. Community standards, rather than
copyright law, will continue to provide Bethesda
Statement on Open Access Publishing
the mechanism for
enforcement of proper attribution and
responsible use of the
published work, as they do now."
For more about Open Access Publications
Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition
American Research Libraries initiative to support reforms to
scholarly publishing and reducing price barriers. Partners include:
Directory of Open Access Journals; American Chemical Society; BioMed
Central; eScholarship and many more.