TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Pickler Memorial Library Truman State University
Background Sources
Congress and the Nation REF JK 1 .C662
Gives overviews of legislative initiatives in Congress and any Public Law (P. L.) numbers associated with them.  The material is broken down into major subject areas (Economic Policy, National Security Labor, Natural Resources, etc.) and then into more specific subtopics.  The information is presented in narrative form with chronologies and descriptions of important legislative initiatives. Each volume covers approximately five years of Congressional activity.

CQ Researcher (1991-current year). REF H 35 .E352
Each volume contains a cumulative index to the issues which cover various topics such as gun control, cybercrime, prison reform, etc.

New York Times Article Archives 1851-the present. Unrestricted Resource
Indexes over 15 million articles published in the New York Times from September 1851 to the present.  Users can search for specific articles by keyword or phrase, author, headline, date, or date range.  Searches may be limited to articles only or broadened to include advertisements and other listings.  Searching is free and the full-text is available for purchase through this web site or you can use the citation information to locate the articles on microfilm in Truman's library collection.
Types of Congressional Information
Public Laws
The actual text of laws as passed by Congress.

Congressional Bills
This is the legislation put forward in the House or Senate proposing a new law. It ultimately needs to be considered and passed by both houses and signed by the President to become a law. The final text of the law can differ considerably from the original bill introduced in either chamber. The types of information described below are used by Congressmen and Senators to make the transition from a bill to a law.

Committee Hearings
These are public forums, usually held by a Senate or House subcommittee after a bill as been referred there for consideration. One bill may often be reviewed by several subcommittees in both houses and thus have numerous hearings associated with it. The complete records of these hearings will contain the testimony of those who spoke there regarding the bill. This could include interested citizens or subject experts who are asked to testify.

Committee Prints
These are documents prepared for the use of committees and their staffs. They are usually composed by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) of the Library of Congress, by committee staffers or by independent consultants.

Committee Reports
These are communications from committees or subcommittees describing the purpose or scope of a bill and the reasons for recommending approval by the full House or Senate. Sometimes a committee will fail to report a bill at all, effectively killing it, or report it with it "without recommendation" which has a similar effect.

Serial Set
This is a collection encompassing the committee reports mentioned aboved as well as several other types of documents. These include House and Senate Documents. These include presidential messages (including vetoes), reports on audits of government corporations, annual reports of federal agencies, and the annual State of the Union Address. Other specific categories of information include Senate Treaty Documents from the president to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and Senate Executive Reports which typically are recommendations for approval of a treaty or for the confirmation of officials in the judiciary or executive branch.

Legislative Histories
Listings of documents (hearings, committee prints, reports, etc.) related to a public law. These are generally organized by the public law (PL-104, e.g.) or by the official name of the law. In electronic format, these histories also contain links to the text of the associated bill, the law itself, and a timeline of information regarding Congressional on the bill.
Indexes for Congressional Information
ProQuest Congressional Restricted Resource
Index of U.S. legislative information including Congressional publications, bills, laws, regulations, member and committee information, hot topics, etc.

CIS U.S. Congressional Committee Hearings Index Ref KF 40 C57 Restricted Resource
Multi-part index of Congressional hearings from 1833 to 1969, divided according to time periods.  Each set lists hearings by number and indicates the CIS access information for locating that hearing on microfiche.  Indexing is also available by bill name and by organization or agency.  A numerical listing of bill numbers lists hearings held on that bill.

CIS U.S. Serial Set Index REF Z 1223 .Z9 C65 1975 Restricted Resource
Index of Congressional documents other than hearings, including committee reports, prints, American state papers, veto messages, and State of the Union addresses.  Organized chronologically by Congress in 15 volumes.

Other Sources
Federal Statutes, Codes and Regulations Restricted Resource
Full text of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (the implementation of laws by federal agencies), the Federal Register (proposed rules and regulations of the various governmental bureaus and departments, Presidential proclamations and executive orders, and decisions of fact-finding bodies), the U.S. Constitution and the U.S. Statutes at Large.

GAO (U.S. Government Accountability Office) Unrestricted Resource
Testimony and reports on a variety of topics from teh investigative arm of Congress.

Public Papers of the Presidents, 1991+ Unrestricted Resource
Each Public Papers volume contains the papers and speeches of the President of the United States that were issued by the Office of the Press Secretary during the specified time period. The material is presented in chronological order, and the dates shown in the headings are the dates of the documents or events. In instances when the release date differs from the date of the document itself, that fact is shown in the textnote.

Public Papers of the Presidents, 1929 - 2005 (Print) J 80 A283 Unrestricted Resource
Papers and speeches from presidents beginning with Herbert Hoover.

Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, 1993+ Unrestricted Resource
Complete listing of presdiential statements and writings for any given week.  Can be browsed or searched by keyword.